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The Evolution of The Indian Bungalow (1900 to 1970):
The Colonial Legacy and Its carry Over in the Post Independence Period
by Miki Desai and Madhavi Desai

Of the colonial legacy, a major spatial concept introduced by the British rulers - the 'bungalow'- remains an important symbol of the British Raj, not only in India but also almost all over the world. During the twentieth century several modifications took place in the spatial organization of the bungalow along with structural changes in the social setups as the impact of westernization and urbanization set in.

Towards 1960s, families began to be increasingly nuclear rather than being extended and the notions of privacy as well as personal space underwent radical transformations. In addition, image making of the bungalow simultaneously evolved as expressed through predominant styles of the various time periods. This dwelling type was regionalized in India due to the variety of geographical enclaves as the form evolved in response to the climate, socio-cultural patterns, predominant aesthetic style and available building materials of the region.

After Independence in 1947, the bungalow gradually underwent further changes based on new design ideology such as the international style, Brutalism, modernism, post-modernism till 1990s. The main aim of the research is to trace the development of the 'bungalow' typology in India through documentation, interpretations and analysis. The proposed research (for a book) aims to study the evolution of the bungalow typology in India from the early military structures to the modern examples.

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